Study on Resilient, Inclusive & Innovative Cities in Bangladesh
Background of the study
Bangladesh is one of the world’s most densely populated countries and has also faced rapid population growth throughout the last century although the population growth rate has somewhat decreased to a moderate level in recent times. The country is going to witness a rapid spread of urbanization over the next decade. According to an estimate, by 2020, nearly every other man, woman, and child will live in an urban area (World Bank ed., Bangladesh 2020). Unless this spread is effectively managed, the chaotic conditions and accompanying ills like pollution, water, and sanitation, climate-induced extremes are likely to multiply. The growing disparity in living standards between the slum dwellers on one side and well-to-do urban elites on the other may lead to increased social and political instability. It is broadly anticipated that climate change is causing large-scale displacement of people and in urban areas, migration flows and risk rates are rising and people are exposed to extreme weather events. As a result, the population in urban slum areas is increasing. The increasing number of climate migrants moving into informal urban settlements is suffering from different urban problems like water and sanitation, health, etc. In this regard, adequate water supply, sanitation, including solid waste management are causing issues for urban slum people.
The study will be conducted using a participatory and multi-disciplinary approach to data collection and analysis to deeply understand the climate vulnerability in slum areas and also to develop climate-resilient WASH, performance capturing for project activities.
- Review of project documents and strategies including proposal, work plan, baseline study report, mid-term study report, situation Reports, achievement data, and other findings of monitoring activities, monitoring reports, event report, bi-annual reports, annual reports, etc.;
- Participatory research to get actual data, perspectives, and experiential knowledge on community resilience through reducing the vulnerability of highly exposed people by disaster risk reduction, water, sanitation and hygiene, and capacity enhancement of the people including women, children, elder people and people with disability as well as to substantiate people’s perspectives on participatory management including planning, implementation, and monitoring, etc.;
Firstly, a wide variety of literature including proposal, work plan, proposal, work plan, baseline study report, mid-term study report, situation Reports, achievement data, and other findings of monitoring activities, monitoring reports, event report, bi-annual reports, annual reports, etc. research and policy papers, peer-viewed articles on disaster risk reduction, water, and sanitation, hygiene, WASH, Disaster Management Act 2012, Urban Disaster Management Plan, National Disaster Management Policy 2015, National Plan for Disaster Management (2021-2030), Standing Order on Disaster 2019, 8th Five-year plan, Water and Sanitation for Hard to Reach Area, City Master Plan, National Strategy on Water and Sanitation Hard to Reach Area, etc. would be reviewed to understand the evaluation issues, project impact and further improvement paradigm and development of primary information collection framework.
Both qualitative and quantitative data from the study locations will be acquired through household questionnaire survey, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), Key Informants Interviews (KII), best practice documentation, and consultations with stakeholder actors, LGI, Disaster Management Committee, District Relief and Rehabilitation Officer (DRRO), Project DPHE, Councilor, Mayor, etc. at the study location.