Study for Identification of the production gap towards food security in the current climate context
Objectives of the study
This study aims to analyze the production trends of the common crops and understand the production gap to ensure food security and the factors that may influence the sustainability of food security in Bangladesh.
Scope of work
To identify the overall impacts of climate change in the selected locations, the study will be undertaken within the following scope:
- The study will capture experimental knowledge from salinity-affected, flood-prone, and drought-prone areas of Bangladesh.
- The study will track the production trends of the major crops (Rice, wheat, maize, potato, pulses, and oil seeds) in Bangladesh.
- The study will identify the production gap by analyzing the demand for the production.
- The study will map the region-wise cropping intensity (agroecological cropping pattern and changing scenario of cropping.
- The study will estimate the region-wise fallow lands (seasonal, and perennial), and causes of fallow lands.
- The study will identify the significant factors that might influence the sustainability of food security.
- The study will forecast the challenges and risks in the agricultural sector in Bangladesh.
- The study will analyze the impact of climate change on agriculture in Bangladesh.
- The study will propose appropriate climate resilience technology and analyze the adaptation options (GHG-smart, location-specific, extremes tolerant) options.
Collection, review, and analysis of long-term climate and weather data of key climate parameters to show the trends of change and disaster and its impact on natural resources, water resources, agricultural practices, food security, forestry, biodiversity, and livelihoods;
Review of documents, strategy, policies, statistics, etc
Review of time series of Google Earth map to identify the land use: To assess the land conversion and the number of fallow lands the Google Eearth time series will be assessed.
Primary Information Collection
- Participatory research to get actual data, perspectives, and experiential knowledge of the vulnerable farmers and communities on climate change, food security and livelihoods, cropping patterns, and existing absorptive, adaptive, and transformative capacities through Household Survey (HHS)
- Participatory capacity analysis of individual, household, community, and institutional levels to understand knowledge, practice, and resources to adapt to changing climate and disaster, impacts on agriculture, livelihoods, biodiversity, existing coping mechanisms, and perceived as positive contributions to resilience through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Key Informant Interview (KII)
- Multi-hazard risk assessment
- Salinity measurement using a refractometer and lab test from the coastal belt.
- Heatwave and coldwave vulnerability indexing
- Map the region and agroecology-wise cropping intensity and for that the crop calendar
- Mapping and estimation of the region-wise classified fallow lands.
- Land use and land changes (salinity, erosion, and drought) mapping
- Cost-benefit analysis of Climate-smart Agriculture (CSA)
- Documenting the traditional, proactive, and planned adaptation and assessing its contribution to addressing the production gap
- GHG-smart CSA identification
- Crop suitability analysis using soil and water properties
- Resilient livelihoods Options analysis